Safety management and public spaces

Following up on our paper on adventure activities, Wiley will shortly be publishing a more-broadly focused paper by David Ball and Laurence Ball-King which looks at the impact of safety management on public space and public activities. By public space we mean anything from city squares to parks, woods, forests, theatres, riverside locations, countryside, canals, heritage sites, and even cemeteries. Public activities refers to organised sports from tennis to triathlons, or to fundamentally individual activities like play.

Readers will be aware of the furore over the impact of safety on such spaces, some of which furore is justified (see for example HSE’s ‘Myth of the month’ site at http://www.hse.gov.uk/myth/index.htm). The Löfstedt review of Health and Safety is tackling the impact of this upon businesses. But we believe that many of the so-called ‘Myths of the month’ referred to on the HSE website stem from impacts of safety regimes on public life. For example, riverside walks pose the obvious hazard of water and from a safety-dominant perspective should be fenced off. But that might well detract from the beauty, naturalness and hence the enjoyment of those places. Likewise, some deplore the occasional deaths which arise in sports, but maybe that is the price we have to pay for having those activities which, incidentally, promote copious amounts of good health – physical, emotional and social. This is not to say that safety in public life is unimportant, but it is to say that it is not the only thing, and that other things matter too.

The paper describes what we see as an epic policy struggle which has been fought in Britain over the last couple of decades to reassert the purposes of public life and public places so that they are not overlooked, sidelined, or otherwise trampled upon in the dash to implement safety management systems. Sectors looked at include children’s play provision; countryside management; heritage locations; land management including, especially, arboriculture; and outdoor education.

If you would like to see the full paper it may be purchased from Wiley’s online library via the following URL:

DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2012.01900.x

Or contact us.

Regulation and adventure activities

On 9 June 2012 John Wiley & Sons published in EarlyView format our paper (by Laurence Ball-King, John Watt and David Ball) describing the regulation of adventure sports over the last two decades since the Lyme Bay accident in 1993. In particular, the paper traces the history of the Adventure Activities Licensing Authority (AALA) which was set up post-Lyme Bay in response to the concern which that event raised, and which now faces abolition as a result of recommendations by Lord Young’s inquiry into the conduct of health and safety. Although we find Lord Young’s recommendations timely and generally appropriate, the paper describes why we disagree in respect of AALA’s proposed abolition.

Far from being abolished, we think that AALA deserves commendation for its work and furthermore that it provides a model for other specialist sectors. The latter is because we believe that safety in adventure activities lies first and foremost in the skills, experience and competence of adventure leaders who are immersed in the activities, and not within the general health and safety community and its protocols which originate from factories. While generalist H&S practitioners may well be able to handle workplace hazards, they are not necessarily knowledgeable about the challenges of the wild. AALA inspectors, currently, are all highly experienced in their respective domains, and this is probably why, as the paper reveals, they are so well respected by those they oversee.

Copies of the article may be purchased from Wiley’s online library via the following URL:

DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2012.01850.x

Or you may request a reprint from David Ball. These should be available later this autumn.

Public Safety and Risk Assessment book: Available now

Public Safety and Risk Assessment: New book published in September 2011 by EARTHSCAN/Routledge.

This book is the outcome of over 30 years of involvement with the public, public sector bodies, regulators and the academic community. It explains swathes of academic research from numerous disciplines including risk, economics, psychology, philosophy and decision making and applies them simply and coherently to the intensely practical matters faced by public and private sector bodies responsible for the provision of public space and activities. A second crucial input is first-hand experience of the law pertaining to safety based on numerous cases undertaken as an expert witness.

The purpose of the book is to explain the basics of risk and safety from first principles and take you to a deep understanding of what risk assessment is about, and what it can and cannot deliver. The authors believe that if you do not understand the underlying philosophy of public safety and risk you will forever be vulnerable to competing ideologies which will occupy the slack space bequeathed to them.

Prior to publication the book was reviewed by Sir Chris Bonington, Lord Hoffmann, and Professor John D. Graham. We are immensely grateful for their support. This is what they said:

“So many worthwhile activities are banned or rejected in the name of Health and Safety. Everyone should read this book to see that very often these bans are not justified.” – Sir Chris Bonington

“This book strips away the mysticism and jargon from health and safety, subjecting it to rational analysis. It shows that safety precautions always have to be paid for, in money and lost opportunities, and involves choices which cannot be left to experts but should concern all members of a democratic society.” – Lord Hoffmann

“Safety is important, but it is not paramount. This book exposes the myths and reinstates the choices we have in determining our lives. Trade-offs are unavoidable. We need to make them with as much care and understanding as we can muster. Read how.” – Professor John D. Graham, Dean, School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University

Since publication Professor Ragnar Löfstedt of King’s College London and author of ‘Reclaiming health and safety for all’ has said in that selfsame document (page 93):

“Ball and Ball-King’s recent book helpfully summarises the key issues surrounding the risk assessment process in the context of public safety.” – Professor Ragnar Löfstedt

Click here to order the book on Amazon.

About the Authors

David Ball is Professor of Risk Management and Director of the Centre for Decision Analysis & Risk Management at Middlesex University, UK. Previously he was Director of the Centre for Environmental and Risk Management at the University of East Anglia, and before that worked as a scientist in local and central government and the private sector in Britain and the USA. He is a regular consultant to government departments and regulators as well as international agencies. Laurence Ball-King has a Masters degree in risk management and a BA in economics and politics. He has worked in credit risk management within financial services and on a variety of non-financial risks including adventure activities and public safety more generally.